About Prostate Cancer
Prostate cancer is one of the most common cancers in the United States. It is a cancer of the prostate gland, which is only found in men. This gland sits below the bladder. In most cases, men with prostate cancer are over 65 years of age, but it can occur in younger men.
In its early stages, prostate cancer has no symptoms. It is often a slow-growing cancer. In fact, it may take years to develop. As the cancer gets larger or spreads, it may cause problems. This may include:
- Trouble Urinating
- Frequent Urination
- Painful or Burning Urination
- Weak Urine Flow
- Pain in your back, hip, thighs or pelvis
To help detect cancer in its early stages, your doctor may recommend a prostate specific antigen test (PSA) and a digital rectal exam (DRE).
Revolutionizing Prostate Cancer Diagnosis
DMH is on the forefront of prostate cancer diagnostic and treatment, offering the latest technology to help you detect prostate cancer.
Before you have symptoms.
PSA (prostate specific antigen) is a protein that is made by the prostate gland. A PSA test measures the level of the antigen in your blood. It is done with a sample of blood, which can be taken at your doctor’s office during a regular physical exam. It is normal for healthy males to have some PSA in their blood. Levels sometimes increase when prostate cancer is present. If your PSA increases, your doctor may order further tests.
Digital Rectal Exam
The digital rectal exam (DRE) may be done during a routine physical exam. The prostate gland lies next to the rectal wall. Normally, the prostate is roughly the size of a walnut. The doctor will use a gloved finger to feel the prostate through the rectum. This exam is done to find lumps or changes to the prostate gland.
Recurrence of prostate cancer:
DMH is one of only a few hospitals in the U.S. to adopt C-11 Choline PET/CT imaging — providing the unique opportunity to save more lives through earlier and more precise detection.
Prostate Cancer Screening
Patients who meet the following criteria should be screened for prostate cancer.
- Average Risk
- Age 50 to 75
- Digital rectal exam every year and prostate-specific antigen (PSA) blood test every year. Discuss screening risks and benefits with your health care provider.
- Increased Risk
- Age 40 to 75
- You’re at increased risk if you fall under one or more of these groups:
- Family history (especially father, brother, son) of prostate cancer
- Men at increased risk are more likely to get prostate cancer. This doesn’t mean you’ll definitely get cancer. But, you may need to start screening at an earlier age, get additional tests or be tested more often
Digital rectal exam every year starting at age 45 and Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) blood test every year starting at age 45. Discuss screening risks and benefits with your health care provider.
Call a Prostate Cancer Navigator at 217-876-2338 or fill in form below for more information.